Today I am going to discuss in detail a condition called Facial Plethora. If you want to know anything about it from its symptoms and causes to its treatment then you are in the right place.

Things which I am going to cover are:

  • What is Facial Plethora?
  • Causes
  • Symptoms of Facial Plethora
  • Treatment

Let’s begin!

What is Facial Plethora?

It is typically the redness of the face brought about by an increase in the level of blood or increase in blood flow. Since the redness is as a result of increase in blood flow and blood volume, Facial Plethora itself is an indication of a disease.

It can occur in anyone regardless of their age or even gender. It can also be a clinical sign for a variety of diseases. Although this condition has been linked to increased blood volume or flow, there’s no satisfactory scientific evidence to prove that. Commonly, this condition is a diagnostic factor for Cushing Syndrome (CS).

Cushing Syndrome is a clinical exhibition of pathologic hypercortisolism from any cause. It is characterized by several signs and symptoms which usually accompany Facial Plethora if the syndrome is the root cause. However, Cushing Syndrome is not the only root cause for this condition. It is just one of the causes. What this means is that since Facial Plethora is characterized with increased blood flow and blood volume, any health condition that can impact the flow and the volume of blood can lead to Facial Plethora. Some of them include, Drug eruption, staphylococcal pathogen, polycythemia vera and erysipelas and many more. If any of the above health condition is the root cause, Facial Plethora will disappear automatically after the condition is reversed or completely eliminated.

Facial Plethora causes

As I have already stated, Facial Plethora can be a clinical sign for several diseases. However, CS is the most common cause of Facial Plethora. It can as well be caused by Polycythemia which is described by excessive Red Blood Cells Production. On the other hand, lack of enough red blood cells in the blood commonly known as Familia Polycythemia can as well be the cause.

In addition, this condition can be secondary to many drugs. It can be secondary to antimalarial Therapy such as Clofazimine which causes redness of the skin. It can as well be caused by Erysipelas which is an infection around the eyes and the nose. The other cause is the toxic epidermal necrosis which usually occurs just below the eyes causing redness of the skin.

Symptoms of Facial Plethora

The first symptom is the redness of the skin. It is itself a sign for several health conditions. Several symptoms of facial redness is facial warmth or facial flushing or asthma like symptoms such as shortness of breath, weakness, weight gain and high blood pressure. The other thing is that there’s likeliness of hyper sensitivity redness on the cheeks, chin and the T-zone.

Most of the symptoms are caused by increased blood flow. The flushing which resembles erythema is likely to develop on the skin. The patients will also feel tension on skin surface. The facial veins will protrude like lines. The other thing is that the skin will be very sensitive. A small pressure on the skin is likely to leave a mark.

Facial Plethora Treatment

Facial redness is not a disease but it is regarded as a clinical sign of several diseases. What this means is that the first thing the doctor is likely to do is to test and know the real disease behind this condition. After this, the doctor is likely to treat the root cause. When the root cause is treated, the condition is likely to eliminate automatically, meaning reducing facial redness.

There is no specific treatment for Facial Plethora that would reduce facial redness and so there’s no other way to treat it than to treat the underlying problem. In case the problem is caused by the Cushing Syndrome, the doctor is likely to do a surgery. After surgery, there will be some significant improvements on the Face. Eventually the Facial Plethora fades meaning that the surgery was successful and the CS was completely treated.


I am quite sure, after reading the article you are now fully familiar with this condition called Facial Plethora, commonly known as facial redness.
About the author

Usama Azam is a medical student (MD) and providing quality health and medical information. You can visit his health tips blog called healthtippshub and get quality piece of information on tons of health and medical related topics.